The following is a summary of the bills from the last legislative session that may be of interest to our membership. For the full text of each bill please go to: http://iga.in.gov/legislative/2022/bills/.
This page was last updated on 3-22-2022 at 9:00 a.m.
SEA 9: Electronic monitoring standards. Requires the justice reinvestment advisory council to conduct a review of statutes concerning electronic monitoring and home detention and provide a recommendation with regard to electronic monitoring standards to the legislative council in an electronic format not later than December 1, 2022. Establishes standards, including notification time frames, for persons and entities responsible for monitoring individuals required to wear a monitoring device as a condition of probation, parole, pretrial release, or community corrections. Provides immunity for acts or omissions performed in connection with implementing monitoring standards. Provides that a defendant commits escape if: (1) the defendant disables or interferes with the operation of an electronic monitoring device; or (2) the defendant violates certain conditions of home detention (under current law, any violation of a condition of home detention constitutes escape). Makes escape committed by a juvenile status offender a status offense under certain circumstances. Makes conforming amendments.
- POPAI worked with the author to get the topic of electronic monitoring caseload and other standards assigned to the Justice Reinvestment Advisory Council (JRAC) for recommendations over the summer.
SEA 182: Court procedures. Specifies that an arrest, criminal charge, or juvenile delinquency allegation that results in an adjudication for an infraction does not result in a conviction for purposes of expungement. Authorizes a person participating in a pretrial diversion program to file a petition for expungement with the authorization of the prosecuting attorney. Requires a court to automatically issue an expungement order, subject to certain exceptions, if: (1) all pending charges or allegations against a person are dismissed; (2) the person is acquitted or the conviction or true finding is vacated; (3) one year has passed since allegations were filed against a juvenile and the state is not pursuing the case; or (4) the person is arrested for a crime and no charges have been filed within 180 days. Makes conforming amendments.
SEA 246: Motor vehicle insurance for foster children. Establishes the insuring foster youth trust fund (fund). Provides that the department of child services shall administer the fund. Provides that the money in the fund may be used to provide payments to foster youth to help defray the cost of: (1) automobile insurance coverage for foster youth; and (2) not more than 44 of the 50 hours of supervised driving practice for foster youth. Provides that a state or local government agency, a foster parent, or an entity providing services shall not be liable for any damages resulting from a foster youth’s operation of an automobile owned and insured by the foster youth. Makes conforming changes. Makes an appropriation.
HEA 1004: Department of correction. Amends and updates certain terms involving direct placement in a community corrections program. Updates the definition of “community corrections program”. Specifies that a court may suspend any portion of a sentence and order a person to be placed in a community corrections program for the part of the sentence which must be executed. Provides that a person placed on a level of supervision as part of a community corrections program: (1) is entitled to earned good time credit; (2) may not earn educational credit; and (3) may be deprived of earned good time credit. Provides that whena person completes a placement program, the court may place the person on probation. Provides that a court may commit a person convicted of a Level 6 felony for an offense committed after June 30, 2022, to the department of correction (department), and that, consistent with current law, a court may commit a person convicted of a Level 6 felony for an offense committed before July 1, 2022, to the department only if certain circumstances exist. Establishes certain conditions of parole for a person on lifetime parole and makes the violation of parole conditions and commission of specified other acts by a person on lifetime parole a Level 6 felony, with an enhancement to a Level 5 felony for a second or subsequent offense. Provides that, for purposes of calculating accrued time and good time credit, a calendar day includes a partial calendar day. Makes conforming changes.
- POPAI worked for an amendment that was added to the bill to remove day treatment and day reporting from the definition under this chapter. If not removed participants in these programs would have earned the same credit time as a person in a work release program or confined to electronic monitoring.
HEA 1075: Commissions and committees. Repeals the following: (1) Indiana advisory commission on intergovernmental relations. (2) Public highway private enterprise review board. (3) Lake Michigan marina and shoreline development commission. (4) Orange County development advisory board. Moves a definition from a statute being repealed. Requires the interim study committee on government to biennially make recommendations to the legislative council regarding: (1) repeal of inactive groups; and (2) continuation of membership in interstate compacts. Requires the salary matrices prescribed for certain officers of the state police department, alcohol and tobacco commission, department of natural resources, and the Indiana gaming commission to be reviewed and approved by the budget agency biennially in even-numbered years. Requires the justice reinvestment advisory council to report to the legislative council before November 1, 2022, regarding how to reduce the membership of an advisory board, with recommendations regarding membership of a community corrections advisory board, including how to reduce the membership of an advisory board. Changes the name of the Indiana commission to combat drug use to the Indiana commission to combat substance use disorder. Requires the services for individuals with intellectual and other developmental disabilities task force to make certain recommendations to the legislative council. Adds one member representing the Indiana Association of Rehabilitation Facilities to the 211 advisory committee.
HEA 1137: Protective orders. Provides that an order for protection issued ex parte or upon notice and a hearing, or a modification of an order for protection issued ex parte or upon notice and a hearing, is effective: (1) for two years after the date of issuance; or (2) indefinitely after the date of issuance if the respondent is a sex or violent offender and is required to register as a lifetime sex or violent offender and the petitioner was the victim of the crime that resulted in the requirement that the respondent register as a lifetime sex or violent offender. Requires a respondent who is subject to an indefinite order for protection to request a hearing in objection to the order of protection within 30 days of the order being issued. Allows any party to request a hearing on a two year order for protection at any time. Provides that a person may only request one judicial review hearing on a protection order.
HEA 1181: Youth offender boot camps and inmate calling services. Provides that juvenile offenders may not be placed in department of correction boot camps beginning July 1, 2022. Provides, for purposes of juvenile offenders who are already participating in the boot camp program on July 1, 2022, that the boot camp program expires December 31, 2023. Provides that a rate for intrastate: (1) collect calling; (2) debit calling; (3) prepaid calling; or (4) prepaid collect calling; in connection with inmate calling services shall not exceed the rate cap for the comparable interstate service, as set by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and in effect at the time the call is initiated. Provides that this intrastate rate cap is subject to any distinctions in the comparable interstate rate cap set by the FCC that are based on: (1) the type or size of the correctional facility from which the inmate calling services call is placed; and (2) whether any site commission is sought to be recovered through the intrastate rate. Specifies that a provider that has been granted a waiver by the FCC from the interstate rate caps with respect to a particular: (1) correctional facility; or (2) contract for the provision of inmate calling services; is not subject to the intrastate rate caps for the comparable intrastate services provided to the same correctional facility or under the same contract. Prohibits a provider from charging an ancillary service charge for an intrastate inmate calling services call, other than those ancillary service charges permitted by the FCC for interstate or international inmate calling services calls at the time the call is initiated. Provides that a rate for a permitted ancillary service charge for an intrastate inmate calling services call shall not exceed the rate for the comparable ancillary service charge permitted by the FCC for interstate or international inmate calling services calls at the time the call is initiated. Specifies that a provider that has been granted a waiver by the FCC from the ancillary service charge caps for interstate or international inmate calling services calls with respect to a particular: (1) correctional facility; or (2) contract for the provision of inmate calling services; is not subject to the intrastate caps for the comparable intrastate ancillary services provided to the same correctional facility or under the same contract. Prohibits a provider of inmate calling services from impeding the completion of, or otherwise degrading, intrastate collect calling based on the lack of a billing relationship with the called party’s communications service provider. Prohibits a provider from charging any taxes or fees in connection with intrastate inmate calling services calls, except for: (1) authorized fees; and (2) mandatory taxes and fees. Provides that: (1) authorized fees; and (2) mandatory taxes and fees; may not include a markup, unless the markup is specifically authorized by a federal, state, or local statute, rule, or regulation. Prohibits a provider from: (1) imposing a per call or per connection charge for any intrastate inmate calling services call; or (2) offering flat rate calling for intrastate inmate calling services. Provides that after June 30, 2022, a provider shall not enter into or renew a contract for the provision of inmate calling services at a correctional facility in Indiana unless the terms of the contract comply with these provisions. Provides that any term, condition, or provision that: (1) is included in such a contract; and (2) violates these provisions; is void. Provides that a provider that violates these provisions: (1) commits a deceptive act that is actionable by the attorney general or by a consumer under the deceptive consumer sales act (act); and (2) is subject to the remedies and penalties under the act.
HEA 1296: Firearms matters. Repeals the law that requires a person to obtain a license to carry a handgun in Indiana. Specifies that certain persons who are not otherwise prohibited from carrying or possessing a handgun are not required to obtain or possess a license or permit from the state to carry a handgun in Indiana. Prohibits certain individuals from knowingly or intentionally carrying a handgun. Creates the crime of “unlawful carrying of a handgun” and specifies the penalties for committing this crime. Allows particular individuals who do not meet the requirements to receive a handgun license and are not otherwise prohibited to carry a handgun in limited places. Allows a resident of Indiana to obtain in certain circumstances a license to carry a handgun in Indiana. Makes theft of a firearm a Level 5 felony. Defines certain terms. Makes conforming amendments and repeals obsolete provisions.
HEA 1300: Bail. Defines “charitable bail organization” and allows a charitable organization to pay bail on behalf of specified defendants if the organization meets certain criteria and is certified by the commissioner of the department of insurance (commissioner). Specifies the circumstances under which a certification may be revoked, and exempts from the certification requirement a person that pays bail for: (1) not more than three individuals in any 180 day period; or (2) a relative. Requires the commissioner to adopt rules, including emergency rules, for the certification of charitable bail organizations. Prohibits the state and a political subdivision from: (1) posting bail for any person; or (2) for the purpose of posting bail for any person, providing a grant or other funding, directly or indirectly, to an entity that posts bail for any person. Requires a person paying cash bail, including a charitable bail organization, to execute an agreement allowing the court to retain all or part of the bail to pay certain court costs. Requires that bail be returned to the person who posted it. Provides that a case management system developed and operated by the office of judicial administration must include a searchable field for certain information of the bail agent or a person authorized by the surety that pays bail for an individual.
HEA 1359: Juvenile law matters. Requires the commission on improving the status of children in Indiana (commission) to create a statewide juvenile justice oversight body (oversight body) to do the following: (1) Develop a plan to collect and report statewide juvenile justice data. (2) Establish procedures and policies related to the use of certain screening tools and assessments. (3) Develop a statewide plan to address the provision of broader behavioral health services to children in the juvenile justice system. (4) Develop a plan for the provision of transitional services for a child who is a ward of the department of correction. (5) Develop a plan for the juvenile diversion and community alternatives grant programs. Provides that the oversight body shall, not later than July 1, 2023, submit to the commission and the legislative council: (1) the plan for the juvenile diversion and community alternatives grant programs; and (2) the juvenile justice data collection plan and the plan for the use of screening tools, assessments, and services. Requires the judicial conference of Indiana to develop statewide juvenile probation standards that are aligned with research based practices, and requires the board of directors of the judicial conference of Indiana to approve the standards by July 1, 2023. Requires the use of a risk and needs assessment tool, a risk screening tool, and a diagnostic assessment when evaluating a child at specific points in the juvenile justice system to identify the child’s risk for reoffense. Requires an intake officer and the juvenile court to use the results of a detention tool to inform the use of secure detention and document the reason for the use of detention if the tool is overridden. Requires a court to: (1) after use of a detention tool, include in a court order the reason for a juvenile detention override; and (2) submit details of the juvenile detention override to the office of judicial administration (office). Requires the office to provide an annual report to the governor, chief justice, and legislative council before December 1 of each year that includes information about a court’s use of a detention tool and reasons for overriding the results of the detention tool. Provides that a child less than 12 years of age cannot be detained unless detention is essential to protect the community and no reasonable alternatives exist to reduce the risk. Establishes a procedure for juvenile diversion. Requires the office to provide an annual report to the governor, chief justice, and legislative council before December 1 of each year that includes data on any child diverted through the juvenile diversion program. Repeals provisions requiring a child who participates in a program of informal adjustment to pay an informal adjustment program fee. Provides that a child who is a ward of the department of correction may receive at least three months of transitional services to support reintegration of the child back into the community and to reduce recidivism. Requires the department of correction to provide an annual report to the governor, chief justice, and legislative council before December 1 of each year that includes collected data that will help assess the impact of reintegration improvements for juveniles, including tracking recidivism beyond incarceration and into the adult system. Provides that a juvenile court may recommend telehealth services as an alternative to a child receiving a diagnostic assessment. Establishes: (1) the juvenile diversion and community alternatives grant programs and grant programs fund; and (2) the juvenile behavioral health competitive grant pilot program and grant pilot program fund; as of July 1, 2023. Requires the Indiana criminal justice institute (institute) to administer each program and fund. Requires the local or regional justice reinvestment advisory council or another local collaborative body to oversee certain juvenile community alternatives grants awarded to a county. Requires the institute to prepare an annual report to the governor, chief justice, and legislative council before December 1 of each year that details certain performance measures that counties receiving grants must collect and report. Requires the office of judicial administration to administer the statewide juvenile justice data aggregation plan. Makes conforming changes. Makes a technical correction.