Legislative Updates 2021

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POPAI Board Seeks New Vice President

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Sarah Lochner, POPAI Vice President, has resigned so POPAI seeks Intent to Run forms from interested candidates.

Candidates must be POPAI Members in good standing and able to fulfill the responsibilities outlined in the Intent to Run Form.

The form must be returned to C.J. Miller (contact information on the form) by Wednesday, November 3rd at 5pm EST.

APPA Two for One Membership Campaign October 2021-December 2021

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APPA on 10/11/2021 by APPA

APPA’s newly elected and/or appointed regional and area representatives are hard at work. They know there is strength in numbers and to advance the field of community corrections it will require all of us to work together. APPA is YOUR professional membership association and YOU are invited to be part of it!

During the fourth quarter of 2021, APPA’s Membership Campaign offers two individual memberships for the price of one for first time members only. When you become a member, YOU elevate the voice of our field, YOU increase your opportunities for client success stories, YOU are among countless others who are mission driven and own their professional development, and YOU boost your opportunities to make valuable connections.

For just pennies per day, join other colleagues in their quest to be a part of moving our industry. Join now using our membership form and your name will be entered to win a scholarship to one of APPA’s upcoming training institutes. For questions, please contact Kim Mills at kmills@csg.org or 859-244-8204.

Canceled Fines and Fees, $0 Cash Bail. Will Pandemic-era Criminal Justice Changes Stick?

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Route Fifty on 9/9/2021 by Jean Dimeo

A group that advocates for incarcerated people provides states and localities recommendations for keeping citizens who committed minor offenses out of jails and prisons.

As the coronavirus pandemic swept the nation last spring, state and local government policymakers enacted measures to try to keep incarcerated individuals healthy: They released some people from jails and prisons, reduced incarceration rates and made facilities safer.

The Vera Institute for Justice, an advocacy group, says steps taken during 2020 can continue to downsize jail and prison populations while keeping communities safe. “The pandemic showed what’s possible,” Vera writes. “Public officials found ways to decarcerate over-crowded jails and prisons; decriminalize minor offenses; and reduce and even eliminate fines, fees, and cash bail.”

Electronic Tracking and Monitoring via Biometric Verification Method (BİOSİS)

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The Confederation of European Probation

BİOSİS- Electronic Tracking and Monitoring via Biometric Verification Method Project is carried out with the aim of more effective enforcement of probation measures and monitoring the probationers in this field in a cheap, more contemporary, fair and respectful for human dignity principle.
Innovative system

BİOSİS is an innovative system that will contribute to the spread of alternative solutions in the execution of penalties. In the current system, probationers are monitored by 4 types of electronic monitoring methods; prohibition to go to designated places, not leaving the home for certain periods, alcohol use monitoring and victim protection. Present monitoring methods require more human resources and expensive equipment therefore BİOSİS has more advantages in this respect.
Face or voice verification

This innovative system will enable the effective monitoring of all probationers with the help of face and/or voice verification method and phone location information (GPS) without the need of any equipment other than a mobile phone. Both a web-based software that could be used from a computer and a mobile application have been developed for the staff responsible for supervision and monitoring. In addition, a mobile electronic monitoring application has been developed for the probationers.The necessary legislative amendment regarding this system has been made. With this amendment a probationer could prefer to be monitored by present types of electronic monitoring or as an alternative she/he could prefer to be monitored by BİOSİS. It’s based on the consent of the probationer. If the probationer accepts to be monitored by the new method, the application could be installed into her/his mobile phone and then she/he could be monitored.

Addiction And Low-Income Americans — How Does Addiction Impact Low-Income Americans?

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Addiction Center

Although there is no evidence that demonstrates cause and effect between poverty and addiction, studies have shown that substance abuse is more common among individuals of lower economic status. Poverty in the United States is measured by comparing a person’s or a family’s income to a minimum amount of income needed to cover basic needs. People who cannot cover their basic needs, or who struggle to make ends meet, may be considered to be living in a low-income household or in poverty. Financial struggles among low-income Americans often result from substance abuse when a person spends their money trying to maintain their addiction.

Unemployment And Addiction

Addiction does not discriminate based on socioeconomic status, but someone with a stable income is less likely to have an addiction than someone with no financial security. Years’ worth of data shows that addiction rates are twice as high among the unemployed than among those who have jobs; in many cases, the stress of unemployment leads to substance abuse. Addiction also increases the likelihood that a person will have problems performing at work, and this can lead to job loss and even lower income. Being fired for job performance can make it more difficult to find new employment, increasing overall stress and risk of substance abuse. Low-income Americans who struggle with drug or alcohol dependence may also struggle with job security, making it harder to escape the cycle of addiction.

Role of Human Services During Community Supervision

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National Institute of Justice on 09/27/2021 by Cecelia Klingele

One of every 58 American adults is currently under some form of community correctional supervision. People placed on community supervision often have significant human service needs, some of which are addressed through correctional agency resources, but most of which are met, if at all, through community-based human service agencies.

People on community supervision connect to human service agencies through a variety of channels. Sometimes they are court-ordered to engage with treatment programs, obtain employment, or pay child support as a condition of supervision. In these cases, failure to cooperate with human service agencies can result in revocation of community supervision and incarceration in jails or prisons. In addition, probation or parole officers frequently refer people on supervision to human service agencies for additional assistance with meeting basic human needs, including housing, food, and child care. Finally, many people on probation and parole engage (voluntarily and involuntarily) with human service agencies, including child welfare departments and local community health providers, without the knowledge or involvement of community corrections agencies. In most cases, there is typically little or no coordination between these multiple service providers — a fact that can lead to conflicting, duplicative, and inefficient service delivery.

This paper summarizes what is known about the human service needs of people on supervision, and catalogs the ways in which various forms of community supervision can operate to either facilitate or impede the meaningful delivery of programs, treatment, and other services to people on probation, parole, and pretrial release. Finally, this paper proposes three key targets for improving the efficient and effective delivery of human services to people on community supervision:

  • Streamlining access to human services upon entry to pretrial or probation supervision, and before release to parole.
  • Creating mechanisms at the local and state levels to ensure continuity of high-priority services for those entering from or exiting to correctional settings.
  • Collaborating with clients, community corrections agencies, and human service providers to improve consistency in human service and correctional system expectations for service recipients.

IOCS Announces Dual Status Training

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Indiana Office of Court Services on 10/06/2021 by Indiana Office of Court Services

Register to learn about Indiana’s Dual Status legislation and processes during a Wednesday, December 1, noon to 3:00 p.m. training with free CLE/CJE. Judicial officers, probation officers, family case managers, CASAs, attorneys, and court staff are encouraged to attend. Contact Colleen Saylor with questions.

Pretrial Services, Veterans Treatment Court, and Family Recovery Court Grant Applications Announced

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Indiana Office of Court Services on 10/06/2021 by Indiana Office of Court Services

IOCS is now accepting grant applications for Family Recovery Courts, Pretrial Services and Veterans Treatment Courts for calendar year 2022. Apply by November 1 at 6:00 p.m. (Eastern). Applicants must have a letter of intent submitted or be currently certified by IOCS and meet the eligibility criteria to apply. Contact IOCSGrants@courts.in.gov with questions.

State Launches Recovery Housing Pilot Program

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Inside Indiana Business on 9/7/2021 by Alex Brown, Assistant Managing Editor

INDIANAPOLIS – The Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs is partnering with the Family and Social Services Administration to launch the Recovery Housing Pilot Program. The program will allocate funding for communities to provide transitional housing for people in recovery from substance use disorder.

The state has received more than $1.7 million to administer the program, which will be used for building or rehabilitating facilities to provide temporary, supportive housing.

“Many people in our state are struggling to overcome substance use disorder,” OCRA Executive Director Denny Spinner, said in a news release. “Through RHP, communities can help these Hoosiers by providing a roof over their heads as they continue on their road to recovery.”

New State-by-State Analysis of Supervision Violations

Justice Center

new report from the Council of State Governments Justice Center reveals that prison populations shrunk by an unprecedented 14 percent in 2020 (167,000 fewer people were in state prisons). However, supervision violations still drive a substantial share of new admissions—accounting for 42 percent of prison admissions in 2020. This included roughly 98,000 people admitted to prison for technical violations, such as missed curfews or failed drug tests. Watch EXiT member Dr. Beth Skinner discuss this report and how to move forward strategically towards supervision reform here.

My Healthy Baby Program launches in Daviess, Greene, Gibson, Posey, Vanderburgh and Warrick counties October 4 and Pike and Knox Counties in early 2022

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Newsletter on 10/1/2021 by Kris Box, MD, FACOG State Health Commissioner

Save the Date: Luncheons for My Healthy Baby Program launches in Daviess, Greene, Gibson, Posey, Vanderburgh and Warrick counties October 4 and Pike and Knox Counties in early 2022

Please save the date for Lunch events led by State Health Commissioner Dr. Kris Box to learn more about Indiana’s My Healthy Baby initiative.

  • Evansville, Indiana on Monday, November 8, 2021, at 2:00 p.m., CST.
  • Vincennes on Tuesday, November 9, 2021, at 10:00 a.m., EST.

Dr. Box will be providing an overview of the program and will outline how you can help achieve the goal of saving at least 200 babies a year by 2024 and help your clients receive free services for their pregnancy and infants.

The roll out plan for all counties is listed below.

2021

July: Elkhart
August: Clay, Parke, Sullivan, Vermillion, Vigo
September: Benton, Carroll, Clinton, Fountain, Montgomery, Tippecanoe, Warren, White
October: Daviess, Gibson, Greene, Knox, Pike, Posey, Vanderburgh, Warrick
November: Fayette, Rush, Union

2022

January: Brown, Monroe, Owen
February: Jasper, Lawrence, Newton Orange, Pulaski, Washington
March: Dearborn, Decatur, Franklin, Jefferson, Jennings, Ohio, Ripley, Switzerland
April: Howard, Jackson, Scott, Tipton
May: Kosciusko, Noble, Wabash, Whitley
June: Adams, Huntington, Wells
July: Perry, Spencer
August: Hendricks, Putnam
September: Floyd, Harrison
October: Porter

2023

January: Johnson, Morgan
February: Marshall, Starke
March: DeKalb, LaGrange, Steuben
April: Boone, Hamilton
May: Hancock

 

BJA Releases Report on Probation and Parole in the United States, 2019

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Bureau of Justice Statistics on July 2021

This report presents national data on adult offenders under community supervision on probation or parole in 2019. It includes characteristics of the population, such as sex, race or Hispanic origin, and most serious offense. The report details how offenders move onto and off community supervision, such as completing their term of supervision, being incarcerated, absconding, or other unsatisfactory outcomes while in the community. Findings are based on data from BJS’s 2019 Annual Probation Survey, Annual Parole Survey, and Federal Justice Statistics Program.

Read the report here.

Reboot: Entrepreneurial Intensive for Formerly Incarcerated Individuals in Bloomington

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Entrepreneurship presents powerful opportunities for individuals and communities. Here at The Mill, we want to grow our startup ecosystem and create access for more people, including the formerly incarcerated.

Participants in this six-week program learn how to focus their business ideas, get customer validation, and present their business to potential investors. At the end of the program, participants deliver their business pitches, and the winner takes home a little seed money for their business. All participants become members of The Mill, where they can take advantage of additional free programs to grow their businesses and connect to an extensive network of mentors and investors.

To find eligible participants, we partner with New Leaf – New Life, which supports incarcerated individuals to make a successful transition back into the community, and Courage to Change, which offers low-barrier housing and services to individuals in recovery. These organizations help identify and refer program candidates. All participants meet stability metrics—full-time employment, stable living situation, established sobriety—and are fully vetted.

The fall 2021 cohort runs from October 18 to November 22.

$15,000 Signing Bonuses and $130,000 Salaries for Police Recruits

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Route Fifty on 9/6/2021 by Sharon O'Malley

Pandemic restrictions and other factors, more than the defund the police movement after George Floyd’s death, has forced police departments nationwide to refocus on how they reach potential candidates.

In Denver, Seattle and Portland, Oregon, commuters are driving past billboards that advertise jobs with hiring bonuses of up to $15,000—for police officers.

Meanwhile, Chandler, Arizona, is dangling incentives of up to $5,000 to attract officers and dispatchers, and Ocean County, New Jersey, has increased police salaries to as much as $130,000 a year. The national average is closer to $60,000.

Police departments across the country—large and small—are resorting to desperation-level tactics to recruit officers as a perfect storm of retirements, public scrutiny and fear has drained the pool of public safety candidates.